Nanodiamonds are carbon nanoparticles with a diameter less than 100 nm. They have a diamond core in which carbon atoms have an sp3 bonding configuration with a surface or shell in which carbon atoms have an sp2 bonding configuration. Hence, the carbon atoms at the surface or outer shell are capable of being functionalized with heteroatoms or organic functional groups. Functionalization of the outer shell affects stability and performance of the nanodiamonds in different media..
sp2 C atoms on surface
sp3 C atoms internally
Production of Nanodiamonds
Characterization of our Nanodiamonds
Our carbon nanoparticles are comprised primarily of nanodiamonds but include a minority fraction of fullerenes and carbon onions.
Transfer of Carbon Nanoparticles into Polar Solvents
Applications of Nanodiamonds
Monodispersed nanodiamonds have significant commercial potential as they have a distinct combination of outstanding mechanical properties, heat conductivity, chemical resistance, non-cytotoxicity, biocompatibility, magneto-optical and electronic properties. The performance, lifetime, and sustainability of formulated industrial and consumer products can be significantly enhanced by the addition of very small amounts of nanodiamonds (0.01 to 0.5%). Nanoplazz’s focus on a sustainable economy has defined our early product development efforts:
- Advanced lubricants and nanofluids to reduce friction and wear, improve heat transfer, and increase lifetime
- Novel polymer matrix composites with enhanced strength-to-weight ratios, thermal characteristics, and lifetimes
- Renewable energy applications such as in super-capacitors, solar panels and batteries
- Advanced coatings for enhanced UV resistance and smart optical monitoring